According to their analysis of the 2013 National Reform Programmes (NRPs), Eurochild concludes that EU Member States have failed to prioritise child poverty and well-being in their NRPs and have not put children at the heart of policy reforms. Based on the 2013 NRPs, the European Commission produced, earlier this year, the 2013 Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) of which some touch upon the child and the Roma populations, as analysed by EPHA.
The Europe 2020 strategy aims to boost ’smart, inclusive and sustainable growth’ by improving employment; making a smarter use of energy; tackling climate change; investing in education and research; and fighting poverty. On an annual basis, all EU Member States (MS) are obliged to report to the EU on progress made on these goals in their National NRPs.
For a third consecutive year, Eurochild assessed these NRPs from a child rights point of view in order to evaluate:
Based on the analysis, Eurochild recommends to:
The above article is based on the information obtained from Eurochild’s article.
Although not directly involved in the analysis of the NRPs, EPHA evaluated the Country Specific Recommendations (CRSs) (which are based on the NRPs received from MS) issued by the European Commission, from a public health perspective notably.
From a public health point of view, several of the recommendations, both in the Annual Growth Survey (AGS) and in the CSRs, have the potential to ensure cost-effectiveness whilst simultaneously increasing quality of care.
Member States have received recommendations to improve cost-effectiveness of healthcare systems, shift from institutional to home care, improve access to primary care, provide coverage to disadvantaged groups, and place greater emphasis on prevention and independent living.
To see to which degree the CRSs address the child population and the Roma community, please visit this EPHA-dedicated article on the analysis of the Country Specific Recommendations. In a nutshell, a handful of the EU MS (Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Estonia, Poland, UK, or Spain) received very concrete recommendations for their health and social systems’ reforms to:
A question remains, however, to what degree these will be fully able to address vast and growing health and social inequalities faced by children, the Roma and other vulnerable groups living in the EU. Despite a decrease in infant mortality as demonstrated in the recent European Commission’s report, the progress achieved is unequal and greatly characterised by the social gradient in its distribution.
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